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Session II.3 - Real-Number Complexity

Friday, June 16, 15:00 ~ 15:30

Minimal Euclidean Distance degree of Segre-Veronese varieties

Khazhgali Kozhasov

TU Braunschweig, Germany   -   This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.

The Euclidean Distance degree $\textrm{EDdeg}_Q(X)$ of an algebraic variety $X$ in an inner product space $(\mathbb{R}^N,Q)$ counts the number of complex critical points of the distance function $x\in X\mapsto Q(v-x,v-x)$ from a generic point $v\in \mathbb{R}^N$ to $X$. Since this invariant of $X$ depends on $Q$, it is a natural problem to find or characterize inner products $Q$ that correspond to the minimal possible $\textrm{EDdeg}_Q(X)$. In my talk I will discuss this question for Segre-Veronese varieties, which consist of rank-1 (partially symmetric) tensors. I will show that with respect to the classical Frobenius product $F(A,B)=\sum_{i=1}^n\sum_{j=1}^m A_{ij}B_{ij}$, the variety $X$ of $n\times m$ rank-1 matrices has smallest $\textrm{EDdeg}_F(X)=\min(n,m)$, whereas $\textrm{EDdeg}_Q(X)$ with respect to a sufficiently general inner product $Q$ on $\mathbb{R}^N=\mathbb{R}^{n\times m}$ is much higher.

Joint work with Alan Muniz (University of Campinas, Brazil), Luca Sodomaco (KTH, Sweden) and Yang Qi (NRIA Saclay–Île-de-France and CMAP, École Polytechnique, France).

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